Advancing Police Practice with Virtual Reality with Lisanne Kleygrewe PhD.

How is Police Training organized in European Law Enforcement Agencies? What are the strengths and what are the development points? How much time is there to train at all? How is the training offered didactically and educationally? And what about VR? Is VR adding value to police training? But before we get into the VR research we start by talking about the fundamentals of Dr. Kleygrewe her dissertation.

First about the The integrated model of anxiety and perceptual-motor performance. And the effect of stress and anxiety on task relevant attention. We also talk about differences between anxiety and stress and the effects on attention.

Then we talk about Representative Learning Design. What is this and should training always be as realistic as possible (high fidelity)?

Third we discuss working memory and cognitive load and its impact on learning and teaching. And does cognitive load play an important role in VR training?

We start with 3 Yes or No questions: Is VR training necessary in police training? Does a pain stimulus add value in VR training? Can police training be improved based on its research?

Then we move into 3 pieces of advice for police training based on Dr. Kleygrewe her research.

This episode gives trainers numerous tips and insights for optimizing police training! I talked with Lisanne Kleygrewe. She has a PhD in Human Movement Sciences and works at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

In part 2 – next week – we discuss the organization and delivery of Police Training in European Law Enforcement Agencies. And about the difference in psychological or physiological responses between Virtual Reality scenario-based training (VR SBT) versus real-life scenario-based training (RL SBT). We also talk about the benefits to introducing a pain stimulus into VR scenario-based training? In her dissertation, Dr. Kleygrewe also examined whether perspectives (bird’s eye view & police officer, bird’s eye view & suspect, bird’s eye view) and the line of fire depicted in the After Action Review affected the officers’ learning efficiency in VR training.


In part 2 we talk about the organisation and delivery of Police training in the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Romania, and Belgium. The results organized in the two main themes evident across all six law enforcement agencies: organization of training and delivery of training. Do police trainers have influence on training and what are the administrative hurdles have to be taken to change? We also talk about the frequency of training, curriculum development and content. And how is the quality of the didactical approaches and concepts?

We then move on to the following topics and chapters:

Chapter 3 Virtual Reality Training for Police Officers: A Comparison of Training
Responses in VR and Real-life Training

Chapter 4 No Pain, No Gain? The Effect of Adding a Pain Stimulus in Virtual
Training For Police Officers

Chapter 5 Changing Perspectives: Enhancing Learning Efficacy with the
After-Action Review in Virtual Reality Training for Police