Dr. Judith Andersen:  the ‘one breath reset.’ Performing under pressure in use of force situations.

At the invitation of Teun Pieter de Snoo of the Police Academy, I had a conversation with Judith Andersen. She is an Associate Professor Department of Psychology, University of Toronto. Judith has done a lot of research on stress management techniques, decision-making and de-escalation in policing.  In our conversation, we talked about her International Performance Resilience and efficiency Program (iPREP). This program teaches officers about biological awareness, addressing psychological and physical reactions in the body that arise from biological responses to the environment. We also talked about her research on Visual Models for Police Use of Force Decision-Making. With great potential I think in education and training in terms of effective and engaging educational material.


Is stress really a bad thing or is this a wrong narrative?

What is stress?

Is a high heart rate related to poorer performance?

Autonomic Modulation Training (AMT)

The ‘one breath reset’ and other breathing protocols for autonomic modulation

Is internal monitoring of stress in conflict with an external focus of attention?

Critical Review of Visual Models for Police Use of Force Decision‐Making


Andersen, J. P., & Gustafsberg, H. (2016). A Training Method to Improve Police Use of Force Decision Making: A Randomized Controlled Trial. SAGE Open, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244016638708

Di Nota PM, Arpaia J, Boychuk EC, Collins PI and Andersen JP (2021) Testing the Efficacy of a 1-Day Police Decision-Making and Autonomic Modulation Intervention: A Quasi-Random Pragmatic Trial. Front. Psychol. 12:719046. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.719046

Di Nota, P. M., Stoyko, P., Jenkinson, J., Boychuk, E. C. & Andersen, J. P. (2021). Critical Review of Visual Models for Police Use of Force Decision-Making. Vision. 5, 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/vision5010006