Optimizing Scenario-Based Training for Law Enforcement

Een van de beste artikelen over scenario training (1)! Uit het artikel: is politie training pedagogisch (kindgericht) ipv  andragogiek  (volwassenonderwijs)?

Welke 4 vormen van realiteit (fidelity) zijn er in scenariotraining?

Waarom zijn Stress Exposure Training (SET) en een Event Based benadering (EBAT) geschikt voor reality based scenario training?

Welke 11 stressors kun je als scenario fascilitator manipuleren om gewenst gedrag te oefenen? Wat is een stresscongruente benadering en wat is het verschil met een ‘overlearning’ en een stress reductie benadering? Hoe kun je als trainer een 4 punt schaal gebruiken om prestaties in een scenario te beoordelen? En welke rol kunnen rubrics in scenario training spelen?  Wat zijn de 4 fouten die deelnemers in scenario training kunnen maken en hoe bepalen deze het vervolg (bijvoorbeeld remedial training)? Hoe en wanneer geef je feedback als trainer en is dit een vaardigheid die trainers voldoende beheersen?

Belangrijke quotes uit het artikel (1)

Veelzijdiger training

“Relatedly, researchers, police officers, and community advocates are calling for the focus of police training to expand; not only should training teach officers to apply force in a reasonable fashion, but it should also foster flexible problem-solving in order to minimize the level of force required (when that is safe) and increase the chance of voluntary subject compliance (Belur et al., 2020; Blumberg et al., 2019; Rajakaruna et al., 2017). “

Andragogisch in plaats van pedagogisch

“In general, it appears that a lot of police training adopts a child-centered approach to training in which trainees receive information presented to them by instructors (Cochran and Brown, 2016). Following this approach, much of police training consists of lectures, which involve little active engagement on the part of trainees (Cushion, 2020; Rajakaruna et al., 2017). Ideally, police training should be based on an understanding of how adults learn best, and training methods should be used that are consistent with this understanding. Research suggests that to enhance learning in adults there should be a focus on active participation and reflection”.

Integrale training en weg van silo en blok training

“Considering that a firearm should never be used in the absence of situational awareness and decision-making, and these cannot be meaningfully trained on a traditional range, SBT provides an opportunity to practice these cognitive elements of police training. “

Wie bepaalt de inhoud?

“How then do police trainers decide which KSAs take priority? Ideally, in our view, this would be decided by using data that the organization collects on calls for service (i.e., frequent KSAs used in common calls) and training (i.e., important KSAs that officers typically struggle with). “

Welke skills zijn effectief?

Ze halen hier het voorbeeld aan van martial arts technieken die werken in de dojo maar niet op straat.

“The authors want to highlight here that when deciding on the skills that officers should have, it is important to ensure that those skills make sense”

“In one author’s experience, and consistent with available research (Renden et al., 2017b), harnessing reflexes (e.g., the startle response) rather than resisting them results in a better initial response to spontaneous edged weapon attacks until an officer is able to consciously decide on the best response (e.g., creating space, finding cover, drawing firearm, etc.).

Hoe geef je goede feedback?

“As the delivery of student-centered feedback plays a large role in the learning process (Angel et al., 2012), and is quite different than traditional feedback approaches (i.e., child-centered; Cochran and Brown, 2016), the authors believe that instructors should be taught how to deliver feedback
in an appropriate manner. In our experience, in at least some services, the course to become qualified as a police instructor does not spend nearly enough time focusing on how to deliver effective feedback.”

Prestatie diagnose

Wollert and Quail (2018) identificeren 4 bronnen van ‘fouten’ die trainers kunnen gebruiken in de debrief en voor vervolg training.


1. Optimizing Scenario-Based Training for Law Enforcement. Bryce Jenkins (Carleton University, Canada), Tori Semple (Carleton University, Canada), Jeff Quail (Setcan Corporation, Canada) and Craig Bennell (Carleton University, Canada). In: Interventions, Training, and Technologies for Improved Police Well-Being and Performance. Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 20

2. Wollert, T. N., & Quail, J. (2018). A scientific approach to reality based training. Three Pistols Publishing.